Home » Posts tagged 夜上海ysh论坛

Study shows flu shots safe for 6- to 23-month-olds

first_imgOct 25, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A study involving tens of thousands of children has strengthened the evidence that influenza vaccination is safe for those 6 to 23 months old, an age-group for whom the government began recommending flu immunization 2 years ago.The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, included 45,356 children at eight managed care organizations who received 69,359 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) between January 1991 and May 2003.The eight organizations are part of the Vaccine Safety Datalink project, supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which gathers administrative data from all the organizations.The researchers recorded any event that required medical follow-up during four intervals after vaccination: 0 to 3 days, 1 to 14 days, 1 to 42 days, and 15 to 42 days. They also included two control periods, one before vaccination and the other after 42 days postvaccination.One diagnosis, gastritis/duodenitis, was more likely to occur within 14 days of vaccination, but after reviewing patient charts to exclude other possible causes of the condition, the researchers determined that the association was not significant. Yet they said they could not rule out a reaction to the vaccine and cautioned that the possible relationship bears watching as vaccination rates for young children increase.Thirteen diagnoses were less likely to occur after vaccination, including acute upper respiratory tract infection, asthma, bronchiolitis, and otitis media.The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) has reported that the most frequently reported adverse effects in children who receive the TIV are fever, rash, injection site reactions, and a small number of seizures, most of which were febrile, according to the CDC.There were signs of a possible link between vaccination and seizures (convulsions), but chart review showed the link to be nonsignificant. The researchers found that most (22 of 24) seizures that occurred within 2 weeks of vaccination were febrile. Children often receive the influenza and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccines at the same office visit, and the MMR vaccine is known to increase the risk of febrile seizures, the report says. The authors observed that seizures were not seen in children who didn’t receive an MMR shot the same day as their flu shot, which suggested that the seizures were related to MMR vaccination.The researchers also examined two other diagnoses that might be linked to TIV: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and oculorespiratory syndrome. They found that only two of the children had GBS, and neither was diagnosed with the condition during any of the study intervals. They found no evidence of conjunctivitis or eye symptoms following vaccination in the study group.Though the link was not statistically significant, sickle cell anemia was more likely to occur within 2 weeks after vaccination; seven children were hospitalized with symptoms of the condition (fever and pain). “The serious nature of fever and pain crises in these children suggests the need for a hypothesis-testing study of the safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children with sickle cell disease,” the authors write.Recent CDC recommendations urge healthcare workers to promptly report to VAERS all clinically significant adverse events after influenza vaccination. The Institute of Medicine recommends reporting potential neurologic complications such as GBS, though there is no evidence that the influenza vaccine contributes to neurologic disorders in children.The authors concluded that the study provides reassurance to parents and physicians regarding the safety of flu vaccination for this age-group.”Our study, the largest safety study of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months, adds to prior evidence that influenza vaccine is safe in infants and young children,” the authors write.Henry “Hank” Bernstein, DO, chief of general pediatrics at the Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth, in Lebanon, N.H., said the large population-based study clearly shows no increased risk of serious problems associated with flu vaccination in young children. “With our shift toward increasing the number of pediatric patients who get the flu vaccine, it’s important to feel comfortable that it’s safe,” he said.Bernstein, a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Committee on Infectious Diseases, said he was impressed by the researchers’ use of the large database. “It’s a wonderful system that includes thousands upon thousands of children and follow-up visits,” he said. “This gives us close examination for side effects and great follow-up.”Public health experts hope to boost the numbers of young children receiving the influenza vaccine. In 2004 the CDC formally recommended flu shots for 6- to 23-month-old children. Recent survey results indicated that 33.4% of those children received at least one dose of flu vaccine for the 2004-05 season, compared with 17.5% the previous season, according to the CDC.Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, France EK, et al. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months old. JAMA 2006;296(16):1990-7[Abstract]See also:CDC report on childhood vaccination coverage during the 2004-05 flu seasonhttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5539a1.htmlast_img read more

Continue reading

FF WILL RETURN GUIDANCE COUNSELLING TO SCHOOLS – McCONALOGUE

first_imgDeputy Charlie McConalogueFianna Fáil spokesperson on Education Charlie McConalogue says reintroducing guidance counselling to secondary schools is one of the party’s key education priorities.He was responding to a survey published by the Institute of Guidance Counsellors, which found that the most disadvantaged schools have seen guidance counselling provision reduced by 30% since 2012.“The decision to allow schools to manage guidance provision within their standard teacher allocation has been disastrous, resulting in the reduction of one-on-one guidance by an average of 26% in non-DEIS and 30% in DEIS schools”, explained Deputy McConalogue.“Guidance counselling suffered one of the single greatest cuts in the education sector in the last decade and it has some of the greatest ramifications for children’s future. The loss of guidance counselling, particularly in less advantaged schools, where parental contributions and school fees are not available to replace the funding removed by the State, has resulted in a disjointed and inequitable system. “Unless restored, the loss of guidance counselling will continue to significantly worsen social inequalities and entrenched educational disadvantage.“As part of the Confidence & Supply arrangement to support this minority Government, Fianna Fáil has secured a commitment to ensure that guidance counselling is reintroduced to all secondary schools and we will be actively pursuing this proposal in the months ahead”.FF WILL RETURN GUIDANCE COUNSELLING TO SCHOOLS – McCONALOGUE was last modified: May 16th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Charlie McConaloguedonegalguidance counsellinglast_img read more

Continue reading

A’s Matt Olson returns to lineup, Khris Davis out with hip injury

first_imgOAKLAND — It was almost too perfect.With the return of first baseman Matt Olson to the roster Tuesday night, Athletics manager Bob Melvin was able to pencil in a lineup against the visiting Cincinnati Reds that had all the key ingredients of last season’s 97-win season.Almost.Olson was back after missing 34 games, but designated hitter Khris Davis, who collided with the left field fence in Pittsburgh Sunday while making a catch, was a late scratch with a hip contusion after originally being …last_img

Continue reading

Ex-49er Colin Kaepernick reflects on third anniversary of his first anthem protest

first_imgThree years ago Thursday, then-49ers starting quarterback Colin Kaepernick took a knee and launched a movement.In a tweet, he reflected on the anniversary and his decision to protest social injustices.  A video attached to the post includes graphic and disturbing content; therefore the link will not be included here. Should you be interested, it can be found archived on Kaepernick’s Twitter account: @Kaepernick7“How can you stand for the national anthem of a nation that preaches and …last_img

Continue reading

SA retailer opens in Angola

first_imgWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material South Africa’s biggest single brand store network, PEP, is extending its southern African store footprint into Angola and making a major investment in Africa’s fastest-growing country. In addition to the Lobito store, PEP plans to open more stores in Namibe, Benguela, Sumbe and Lubango within the next year. With the launch of its first store in Angola, PEP now operates in 11 southern African countries. PEP Africa has been operating for 10 years and has 38 stores in Zambia, 22 in Malawi and 30 in Mozambique. Distribution centre SAinfo reporter “According to our research, affordable clothing and products are the most important factors for Angolan customers.” “We chose Benguela as the location for our DC as this is central to our store expansion programme and essential to our logistical needs,” said Jacobs.center_img “We believe that our product offering of value for money and functionality is right for the Angolan market,” PEP Africa GM Willie Jacobs said in a statement at the end of October. The balance of PEP’s 1 310 stores are in South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. 7 November 2008 As part of its commitment to and investment in this new market, PEP has opened a 2 000 square metre dedicated distribution centre. Following extensive research in Angola over the last two years, PEP Africa was confident of its growth and success in the new market, with its first store opening in Lobito, central Angola, on 31 October. According to PEP, new Angola GM Gerrie Scheepers is fluent in Portuguese, and brings extensive and relevant experience, having been GM of PEP’s successful Mozambique operation for the past five years.last_img read more

Continue reading

Long-term weather and prospects for recovery of corn prices

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Corn and other grain prices have declined sharply since 2013 and have recently been as low as $3 per bushel on a monthly average basis. The low level of prices has prompted some observers to declare that the “new era” in grain prices that began late in 2006 has come to an end. Whether the new era is indeed over depends on the mix of factors that have driven prices so low. If these factors are unlikely to be reversed, then there is little chance for a major price recovery. If at least some of these factors can be reversed then there is a possibility of price recovery within the new era price range. The answer has obvious and important implications for farm incomes, land prices, crop input prices, land rental rates, and marketing strategies. The answer will also have important policy implications for U.S. agriculture.The first major factor on the demand side is economic growth. The average rate of global economic growth was 4.25% over 2000-2008 compared with 3.25% over 2009-2016, a drop of 30% in the growth rate. Whether the world can return to the higher growth rates is certainly an open question, but it is at least plausible and would do much to help corn prices recover. The second major factor on the demand side is ethanol. Our original argument was that the new era was primarily driven by the rise of ethanol production. There has been a plateauing in U.S. corn use for ethanol production since 2010, but the plateau is at a very high level, above 5 billion bushels. Nonetheless, there is little prospect of ethanol driving a major recovery in corn prices.Turning to the supply side, the boom in corn prices led to almost a 25% increase in corn acreage around the world. History shows that reversing this acreage response will be a very slow process. But, total corn acreage has been flat since 2013. Yield is, of course, the other major factor in determining supply, and weather around the globe has generally been favorable since 2013. In fact, the global average corn yield exceeded 85 bushels per acre in each year over 2013-2016. The previous high yield on a global basis was 83 bushels. So, good yields have certainly contributed to the current surplus in the corn market and low prices.The influence of the recent run of good weather on corn yields may be under-appreciated. One way of looking at this question is to ask what would have happened in the last four years if global corn yields had been at trend values instead of the high averages actually observed. On net, the above-trend yields since 2013 have added about 1.7 billion bushels to world corn ending stocks, or about one-third of the average level of ending stocks over 2000-2012.So, what are the odds that the current run of good weather will end in the near future and lift corn prices? Long-term data on U.S. corn yields provides a useful perspective on this particular question. The above chart shows the percentage deviations from U.S. corn trend yields over 1895-2016, and these deviations can be considered the net impact of weather on yields. This data suggests the last 20 years have been among the best runs of favorable weather in the modern history of U.S. corn production. For all practical purposes, the U.S. has only had one truly bad corn crop (2012) in the last 20 years. There have been other years of below-trend yields but these have been relatively modest from a long-term perspective.In sum, the combination of good weather and good yields has been a major contributor to the current episode of low corn prices. While we cannot predict when the current run of good weather will end, history suggests the current run is unusual and rather long in the tooth.last_img read more

Continue reading

Benjamin Logan FFA participated in a soil judging

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Benjamin Logan FFA students participated in a soil judging Career Development Event. There are two different divisions of soil judging; one is rural which is out in the country and one is urban which is in the city. The urban land and soil judging CDE is an educational activity designed as a practical method of teaching students to evaluate land and soil to determine its potential use for urban, homesite, and other non farm uses. The Agricultural Soils CDE is an educational activity designed as a practical method of teaching students to evaluate land and soil and to make decisions when faced with soil related issues that affect agricultural production. (ohioffa.org) The students that participated in the rural/ag were Ty Anspach, Chance Frater, Gage Hamm, Carson Lyden, Owen O’Brien, and Wyatt Smith. The students that participated in the urban were Elliot Bailey, Madison Beuttner, Lukas Hemmelgarn, Elizabeth Deardurff, Micah Petterson, and Whitney Willoby. The students spent the day assessing soil. The students trained during multiple class periods learning about good soil and bad soil, along with the types of soil and how to identify them.last_img read more

Continue reading