Home » Posts tagged 南翔和平街只能10分钟

07 Harvest robbers

first_imgVolume XXXINumber 1Page 7 Alliaceae (chives, garlic, leeks and onions).Apiaceae (carrots).Asteraceae (lettuce).Brassicaceae (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage,cauliflower, collards, mustard, radishes, rutabagas andturnips).Chenopodiaceae (spinach).Cucurbitaceae (cantaloupes, cucumbers, honeydew melons,pumpkins, squash and watermelons).Fabaceae (all beans, English peas and Southern peas).Malvaceae (okra).Poaceae (corn).Solanaceae (eggplant, peppers, potatoes and tomatoes). By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaWilts, leaf spots, blights and fruit rots all want to destroyvegetables before they can be harvested. But home gardeners cando a few things to keep these diseases away and help ensure abountiful harvest. “Most vegetables are susceptible to a number of diseases,” saidDavid Langston, a Cooperative Extension vegetable plantpathologist with the University of Georgia College ofAgricultural and Environmental Sciences.Plant diseases are caused by four main types of organisms: fungi,bacteria, nematodes and viruses.Vegetable plants are more susceptible to diseases caused by fungiand bacteria when conditions are wet and warm. Scout your gardenregularly.What to look forWhen the garden is dry, nematode damage is more evident. You cantest your soil for nematodes by submitting a sample through yourcounty UGA Extension office.Viral diseases can show up at any time, Langston said.Many plant diseases can be on or within the seeds. “Seeds shouldnot be saved from year to year,” he said. “This is important toprevent a number of diseases.”Buy seeds from a reputable dealer. You can’t distinguish healthyseeds from diseased seeds. Make sure you follow directions onwhen and how to plant them.Planting disease-resistant varieties are best way to controlvegetable diseases. Buy resistant varieties when you can.Resistance traits are usually listed in seed catalogs and inplant stores.Lots of sunDon’t plant your garden near or beneath trees. The shade willreduce the drying of plant foliage after rain and increase thechances of diseases. Besides, vegetables like a lot of sunlight,and the trees will compete for vital nutrients.Crop rotation is important. If you keep planting the samevegetables in the same spot year after year, you’re asking forsoil-borne disease problems.Grow the same or closely related vegetable plants in the samesoil only once every three to five years, Langston said. Thispractice starves out most pathogens that cause stem and leafdiseases.What to rotateVegetable families include: More tips”Trap crops” can reduce viral diseases carried by small insects.Plant a few rows of a crop like rye or corn around your maingarden. This will tempt insects to feed there first, reducing therisk of diseases some small insects are known to carry.When you water the garden, don’t splash soil onto plant foliage.If possible, run the water between the rows. Use a mulch layer ofstraw, bark, shredded paper or plastic to keep the soil fromsplashing onto plants and keep fruits from touching bare ground.If you use tobacco, wash your hands thoroughly before handlingplants. This will prevent the spread of tobacco mosaic virus,which can infect many kinds of vegetables, particularly tomatoesand peppers.After harvest, remove and destroy all plants from the garden andsanitize your garden equipment. This will reduce theoverwintering of disease-causing organisms.Most important, use proper cultural practices to keep your plantshealthy. “Healthy plants don’t get diseases as easily as weakones,” Langston said. “Healthy plants are the best controlagainst plant diseases.”(Brad Haire is a news editor with the University of GeorgiaCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Continue reading

FCA defends track record on cost and charges after criticism

first_imgAnnual reports from the independent governance committees (IGCs) of many UK contract-based pension providers suggest the groups are not living up to their purpose of protecting savers’ interests, an investment campaign organisation has argued.Pressure group ShareAction analysed the 2017 annual reports of 16 IGCs and found that many were vague and offered only unsubstantiated claims that savers’ interests were being protected. This was despite examples of innovation by some IGCs.In a number of cases, the reports did not provide enough information to enable savers to understand the value for money they were getting, said ShareAction.Nearly a third of the reports – from the IGCs of Aegon, BlackRock, Fidelity, Virgin and Zurich – did not state how much their workplace pension provider charged savers. Nearly half of the IGCs – Aegon, BlackRock, Fidelity, Old Mutual Wealth, Phoenix Life, Prudential and Zurich – did not report data on how well savers’ investments were performing. ShareAction said it recognised that transparency and effectiveness of reporting were not necessarily a reflection on how well an IGC was performing its underlying role, but highlighted that the annual report was the only resource a scheme member had for assessing an IGC’s performance.“The IGC reports play an important role in increasing transparency, accountability and, ultimately, the value for money a scheme member receives,” the pressure group said. “If an IGC has done an excellent job in scrutinising a pension provider but its reporting of this is poor, this would still mean that the FCA’s policy intention has not fully been met.”“We found that overall IGCs are acting in accordance with their terms of reference, by influencing, supporting and advancing the significant reduction in costs and charges that have been achieved”FCA spokeswomanIn 2015 the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) required contract-based pension providers to set up IGCs to address poor consumer outcomes in pensions.ShareAction noted that the regulator had “indefinitely abandoned” a review of IGCs’ effectiveness in May last year, and called on the FCA to do more. The campaign group recommended it issue further guidance on reporting costs and charges, which could reference output of its institutional disclosure working group, and consider developing its rules for IGCs. The FCA could also issue best practice guidance with a view to offering IGCs greater clarity, the group said.   Catherine Howarth, chief executive of ShareAction, said: “IGCs were a good idea but the FCA made the wrong call in abandoning indefinitely its promised review of their effectiveness.“We hope this study will prompt the FCA to refocus attention on the interests of UK pension savers who remain vulnerable in a market characterised by consumer detriment and information asymmetry.”A spokeswoman for the FCA said: “The FCA remains focused on ensuring consumers are protected. Through work we have already undertaken, we found that overall IGCs are acting in accordance with their terms of reference, by influencing, supporting and advancing the significant reduction in costs and charges that have been achieved.”The FCA was in the process of carrying out a number of other pieces of work that impact IGCs, she added. For example, it had recently published a discussion paper regarding the UK’s third-pillar system that asked whether independent governance could play a role. The regulator was also considering what form of rule changes might be appropriate to address Law Commission proposals on pension funds and social investment, the spokeswoman added.  The FCA and social investmentIn June, the Law Commission — a non-political body advising on legal reform — reported that it had found structural and behavioural barriers to social investment within the pensions industry, and that the government and regulators could take steps to lift these. Andrew Bailey, FCA chief executiveIn a letter made public by the government last week, FCA chief executive Andrew Bailey said that the regulator was considering the Law Commission’s proposal that IGCs report on a firm’s policy on stewardship as part of its work on the Shareholder Rights Directive. The FCA would consider whether or not to issue guidance on financial and non-financial factors for firms operating workplace pension schemes, Bailey added.The regulator also said it would consider what rule changes would be appropriate to require IGCs to report on firms’ policies in relation to evaluating long-term risks such as sustainability, and to consider members’ ethical concerns.ShareAction said its research found that two IGC reports – those for providers Aviva and Legal & General – referred to investment-related environmental, social and governance risks and opportunities in their reports.In its June report the Law Commission had also said the FCA and The Pensions Regulator should consider providing further guidance on how pension schemes can manage illiquid investments such as infrastructure.In the FCA’s letter – addressed to Elizabeth Corley, vice-chair of Allianz Global Investors and chair of a government-appointed advisory group on social impact investing – Bailey said current rules did not require daily pricing and both investment funds and workplace pension schemes using unit-linked structures were already able to manage some element of illiquid investment within their funds.The recent emergence of investment trusts with an impact investing mandate, a number of charity bonds and traditional open-ended funds indicated that the existing regulatory framework allowed for investment products with a social angle, he added. It would nonetheless consider whether any changes were necessary to its rules and guidance to address concerns in this area.ShareAction’s report can be found here.last_img read more

Continue reading

Wisconsin track program heads to Twilight

first_imgBoth the Badgers men’s and women’s track and field teams will be traveling to Cedar Falls, Iowa this weekend to compete in the University of Northern Iowa Twilight at the Mark Messersmith outdoor track complex.While the meet will still abide to NCAA rules, no score will be kept so it will serve as more of a tune-up meet for the Badgers as the Big Ten Outdoor Championships are less than a month away.With some weaker teams from across the Midwest such as North Dakota State, Iowa State, Coe College, Bradley University and the host, Northern Iowa, the UW track teams should be able to post a successful weekend, though focusing on individual improvement and posting NCAA qualifying marks will be their main objective for the meet.For the men, only the sprinters and fielders will be competing at the UNI twilight after a week off as the distance runners competed in the prestigious Mt. SAC Relays this past weekend.In Walnut, California, the Badgers picked up five NCAA qualifying marks at the Mt. SAC Relays. In the 1500-meter event, Chris Solinsky, Josh Spiker, and Ben Gregory all posted qualifying marks by finishing third, 25th and 28th, respectively. Junior Simon Bairu finished 12th overall (sixth amongst collegians) in the 5000 meters event and sophomore Codie See finished seventh in the 3000-meter steeplechase, both earning NCAA qualifying marks.After a victorious past weekend, the distance runners will have this weekend off as the sprinters and fielders compete at the UNI Twilight.Despite a third-place finish at NCAAs in the indoor season, Ed Nuttycombe’s squad is currently ranked ninth in the nation. Much of the distance squad is carrying the team in the rankings, but this weekend, the rest of the team will try to get back on track to prime themselves for conference and national competition.Junior Alonzo Moore is currently ranked fourth in the triple jump, but will only be competing in the long jump this weekend as he gets back into outdoor shape and continues to try and improve his jumping technique. Fellow junior Rick Bellford, an All-American a year ago in the triple jump, will also be competing in the long jump event alongside Moore.In the 100-meter dash, sophomore Demi Omole is currently ranked fifth after a rather disappointing indoor season. Omole, a strong favorite to win the 60-meter event, endured a hamstring injury at Big Ten Indoor Championships and it still affected him at Indoor Nationals, although he managed to finish fourth. Omole will be seeking to rebound from his hamstring injury as he competes in the 100-meter dash this weekend along with senior Jvontai Hanserd and junior Dan Goesch.For the women’s team, head coach Jim Stinzi will simply try to improve upon a disappointing eighth-place finish at the Big Ten Indoor Championships.In his first season, Stinzi is already enjoying better success in the outdoor season than this past indoor season. Five of his team members have already posted NCAA qualifying marks in Katrina Rundhaug (10,000 meters), Courtney Bauer (shot put), Michelle Bellford (triple jump), ‘A Havahla Haynes (steeplechase) and Shunita Lucas (200 meters).The women, too, are returning from action at the Mt. SAC Relays. While it isn’t as prestigious an event as it is for men’s distance, the Badger women placed at the top of many of their events.Sophomore Shunita Lucas posted her NCAA qualifying mark in the 200 meters event with an eighth-place finish of 23.83, her best of the season. Fellow sophomore Michelle Bellford finished third in the triple jump with a mark of 40-7 3/4 and freshman Kayla Schultz placed in the shot put at 42-5 1/2.Both the men’s and women’s track and field teams will be looking to get back into outdoor shape with this weekend’s UNI Twilight as Conference and National championships are steadily approaching for head coaches Ed Nuttycombe and Jim Stinzi.last_img read more

Continue reading