Home » Posts tagged 南京论坛

Report: A’s to recall top pitching prospect for Houston series

first_imgClick here if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device.OAKLAND — A’s top pitching prospect Jesus Luzardo will be promoted to the majors, joining the club in Houston on Monday, according to a report by MLB.com.A’s manager Bob Melvin, asked about it immediately after the team’s 3-1 win over Detroit, said he didn’t know anything about the move.Luzardo, a 22-year-old from Peru, is ranked as the 18th-best minor league prospect by MLB Pipeline and is regarded as one of the game’s …last_img

Continue reading

Driving More Efficiently

first_imgLike a lot of people, I‘m often running late. One of our two cars—a five-year-old Honda Civic Hybrid—has a digital readout showing fuel economy. Because I travel so much (ironically hopping on a plane or driving hours to lecture about energy savings or green building), I get lots of opportunity to track my mileage. When I’m running late and have to speed down to the airport—sometimes pushing my luck at 70-75 miles per hour—I find my mileage running about 40-42 mpg. On a more relaxed return drive at 60 or even 55 mph, my fuel economy jumps by 20% or more—to over 50 mpg.The difference is reduced wind resistance. It reminds me, in very clear terms, just how significantly I can save energy and money by altering my driving habits. In this column, we’ll take a look at a range of options for improving driving efficiency.Reduce your driving speed. Stick to the speed limit, or even drive slightly below (as long as you’re not increasing risk by impeding traffic). Reducing highway speed from 65 mph to 55 mph increases fuel economy by 10-15%. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) suggests thinking of every 5 mpg over 60 mpg as equivalent to paying at extra $0.30 per gallon for gas.Avoid aggressive driving. Rapid acceleration and hard braking can increase fuel consumption by as much as 33%, according to the DOE, while increasing pollution emissions five-fold. Coasting to a stop saves energy (since you take your foot off the accelerator sooner) and reduces wear on your brakes.Don’t idle your vehicle. If you’re going to be sitting for more than about 30 seconds, turn the ignition off to save fuel. Most cars don’t need to be warmed up—except, perhaps, in the coldest weather.Drive direct routes and avoid traffic. By shortening your route, you can save energy—though on a rough, curvy road, your mileage may drop. Try to avoid rush hour.Use cruise control on highways—usually. If you have a heavy foot, use cruise control to maintain even speeds at or slightly below the speed limit. On hilly highways, though, you may be able to do better without cruise control by slowing down somewhat on inclines and then allowing gravity to help on downhills.Use the proper gear. If you have a manual transmission, upshift through the gears quickly, unless extra torque is needed (uphill, pulling a trailer, etc.). With an automatic, ease off on the accelerator to induce upshifting. If your car has an “overdrive” gear, use it on highways.Use your air conditioner sparingly. When driving around town, open your windows and turn off the A/C to save energy. On highways, it’s better to close windows to minimize drag.Keep tires properly inflated. Underinflated tires will reduce your fuel economy. Most tires lose about 1 psi per month and 1 psi for every 10-degree drop in temperature. For every 3 psi reduction in tire pressure, fuel economy drops by about 1%, according to the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), while reducing tire life and detracting from handling. Buy low-rolling-resistance tires, which can boost fuel economy by as much as 4%.Keep the engine tuned up. An well-tuned engine will perform better and achieve better fuel economy. Service your vehicle regularly, including oil and air filter changes. Use the recommended grade of motor oil.Remove rooftop racks. Anything attached to your vehicle will increase aerodynamic drag and reduce fuel economy. When not in use, remove rooftop bicycle, ski, and luggage racks. Even a flag on your antenna can reduce your mileage by 1-2 mpg (negating your patriotism).Remove unnecessary weight. Added weight in a car or truck makes the engine work harder; 100 pounds of extra weight reduces fuel economy by about 1%, according to ACEEE.Park in the shade. Keeping your car cool when parked not only reduces the need for air conditioning when you start up, but it can also reduce evaporation of gasoline.Buy a more efficient car. The next time you’re in the market for a vehicle, choose a more efficient model. Carefully consider whether you really need a truck or SUV.last_img read more

Continue reading

Friday Field Notes

first_imgEducation and Training for VeteransCSFP supports military veterans in New York directly by providing resources, training opportunities, and networking events. We work closely with key partners in the Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) system to provide targeted, localized agricultural training opportunities to veterans. County extension offices make logical partners in our efforts to support veterans in agriculture due to their educational resources, community visibility, and existing networks. We see farming as both a way for veterans to make a living and a way to reintegrate with local communities. In this sense, CCE is able to connect interested veterans with farmers, homesteaders, and food producers who have similar interests within the community.  In August of 2015, working with Cooperative Extension of Allegany County and the National Center for Appropriate Technology, we ran a five-day intensive farm training program, called Armed to Farm, in Western New York state. The week long retreat utilized a mix of classroom and hands-on education to give 28 veterans a taste for what it would be like to start their own farm. The participants and instructors stayed together in a college dorm and took most meals together, creating a strong sense of camaraderie among the cohort.  This training program will be replicated again this year, in Central New York, and in 2017, in Eastern New York. Also last year, through our partners at Cooperative Extension of Jefferson County, we were able to offer an “Ag Industry field day” to transitioning army personnel at Ft. Drum in Northern New York.  Working in collaboration with the Transition Assistance Program on the base, we toured a number of different local farms, as well as a winery, and a large farm machinery dealer. We see this opportunity to work with Fort Drum as vital, since they currently have roughly 4,500 soldiers leaving the base as civilians each year.Armed 2 Farm 2015 Group PhotoTraining the TrainersIn order to help cooperative extension better serve veterans we dedicated a full day of our annual “train-the-trainer” event to bring together traditional agricultural educators with traditional military service personnel. This allowed folks who serve veterans to learn more about the viability of farming as a career, while simultaneously teaching extension educators about the resources that are available to veterans as they transition to civilian life. This type of network building is a hallmark of our work and allows us to leverage connections to create a much greater impact. In addition to structured professional development events, we spend a good deal of our time making connections between individuals who are working to support veterans but do not know about each other. As noted in last week’s Friday Field Notes, there are a lot of people who are working in this field but often they exist in silos, through no fault of their own. Breaking down these silos can be challenging and time consuming but the results are often powerful. Because our work encompass the entire State of New York (which is quite large), we depend upon these networks of service providers to connect with each other in order to identify the veterans in their communities who are interested in agriculture and provide relevant programming.On the Job TrainingShort, intensive training opportunities can be ideal for some but what about more formalized training for veterans seeking careers in agriculture? Although careers in agriculture are increasingly thought to be rewarding for veterans, most types of farm training are not eligible for military education benefits, such those offered through the GI Bill. Transitioning service members are able to use GI Bill benefits for certain kinds of training, such as in the trades (e.g. plumbing or electric), or for accredited college programs. However, no state that we know of currently allows military service members to use their benefits to get hands-on agricultural training on farms. To change this, we are working with partners at the New York State Division of Veteran’s Affairs to develop high-quality, on-the-job training (OJT) programs for veterans on farms. Our challenge now is to find the right kind of farms to host on-the-job training and then to match veterans to those farms. We hope to have two veterans placed on farms this growing season. Once we pilot OJT on a few farms and learn best practices, we believe that the model will be easy to replicate on farms across the state and perhaps in other states as well.Ft. Drum Soldiers Learn about Dairy ProductionLooking AheadOver the next 18 months we will be working with The Institute of Veteran and Military Families at Syracuse University to evaluate outcomes from this project. We will be looking at success in terms of how many veterans have started a career in agriculture, how many have improved an existing farm business, and also at how the veterans we have worked with may have improved health outcomes, quality of life, and community support. We look forward to sharing success stories, lessons learned, and best practices with you in the future regarding how extension efforts are helping military service members transition from service to farming careers. For more information on the project please contact Matt Weiss ([email protected]) or Dean Koyanagi ([email protected]) or call our office at 607-255-9911.Hands On Vegetable TrainingAbout MattMatt is an Ithaca, New York native who has returned to the Finger Lakes region after spending seven years living in Philadelphia, PA. Matt has a B.S. in Communications from Cornell University and an M.S. in Community and Regional Planning from Temple University, where he focused on environmental planning and the collaborative planning process. He has over four years of experience with cooperative extension and small farming enterprises.Interested in learning more about this subject? Want to share a story? We invite you to comment. In our second Friday Field Notes blog post we are highlighting how cooperative extension educators in New York worked with personnel from Fort Drum  and with the New York State Division of Veteran’s Affairs to build capacity to address the need for assistance for transitioning service members and their families in their job and career searches.  As you read this post, consider how your efforts to build community capacity to enhance the resilience and well-being of military families via job and career assistance might benefit  from a collaboration with cooperative extension in your community. MattThe Cornell Small Farms Program (CSFP) makes its home in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. CSFP works collaboratively with a network of Cornell University faculty and staff, Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) educators, and other small farm advocates throughout New York State to generate innovative research and extension initiatives that enhance small farm viability. We are currently engaged in a three-year project to support military service members and their families who farm and create pathways into agriculture for veterans seeking a career in the field. Transitioning service members bring many applicable skills with them to agricultural careers and they can make great farmers. Furthermore, those who farm often report that they find it deeply satisfying, allowing them to continue to serve their community, while also providing a nurturing environment in which they can heal. Farming is not an easy career for anyone but transitioning service members often encounter unique obstacles when considering entering into farming. There are over 800,000 military veterans in New York State, but they exist in a dispersed population, varying from 3-15% of the total population of each county. Because they do not have a dominant presence in any one location, specialized resources are often lacking, ultimately presenting a high barrier to entering agricultural jobs and further marginalizing these transitioning service members. Our project seeks to be a central point of contact and a resource hub for veterans who are passionate about agriculture in the state.Our strategy for supporting veterans takes a three-pronged approach:Provide educational opportunities in agriculture directly to military service men and women and their families (predominantly veterans);Empower traditional agricultural service providers AND traditional military service member service providers to better support veterans who want to farm;Certify farms in New York State to provide On-the-Job training to veterans.last_img read more

Continue reading