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Study shows flu shots safe for 6- to 23-month-olds

first_imgOct 25, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A study involving tens of thousands of children has strengthened the evidence that influenza vaccination is safe for those 6 to 23 months old, an age-group for whom the government began recommending flu immunization 2 years ago.The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, included 45,356 children at eight managed care organizations who received 69,359 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) between January 1991 and May 2003.The eight organizations are part of the Vaccine Safety Datalink project, supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which gathers administrative data from all the organizations.The researchers recorded any event that required medical follow-up during four intervals after vaccination: 0 to 3 days, 1 to 14 days, 1 to 42 days, and 15 to 42 days. They also included two control periods, one before vaccination and the other after 42 days postvaccination.One diagnosis, gastritis/duodenitis, was more likely to occur within 14 days of vaccination, but after reviewing patient charts to exclude other possible causes of the condition, the researchers determined that the association was not significant. Yet they said they could not rule out a reaction to the vaccine and cautioned that the possible relationship bears watching as vaccination rates for young children increase.Thirteen diagnoses were less likely to occur after vaccination, including acute upper respiratory tract infection, asthma, bronchiolitis, and otitis media.The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) has reported that the most frequently reported adverse effects in children who receive the TIV are fever, rash, injection site reactions, and a small number of seizures, most of which were febrile, according to the CDC.There were signs of a possible link between vaccination and seizures (convulsions), but chart review showed the link to be nonsignificant. The researchers found that most (22 of 24) seizures that occurred within 2 weeks of vaccination were febrile. Children often receive the influenza and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccines at the same office visit, and the MMR vaccine is known to increase the risk of febrile seizures, the report says. The authors observed that seizures were not seen in children who didn’t receive an MMR shot the same day as their flu shot, which suggested that the seizures were related to MMR vaccination.The researchers also examined two other diagnoses that might be linked to TIV: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and oculorespiratory syndrome. They found that only two of the children had GBS, and neither was diagnosed with the condition during any of the study intervals. They found no evidence of conjunctivitis or eye symptoms following vaccination in the study group.Though the link was not statistically significant, sickle cell anemia was more likely to occur within 2 weeks after vaccination; seven children were hospitalized with symptoms of the condition (fever and pain). “The serious nature of fever and pain crises in these children suggests the need for a hypothesis-testing study of the safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children with sickle cell disease,” the authors write.Recent CDC recommendations urge healthcare workers to promptly report to VAERS all clinically significant adverse events after influenza vaccination. The Institute of Medicine recommends reporting potential neurologic complications such as GBS, though there is no evidence that the influenza vaccine contributes to neurologic disorders in children.The authors concluded that the study provides reassurance to parents and physicians regarding the safety of flu vaccination for this age-group.”Our study, the largest safety study of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months, adds to prior evidence that influenza vaccine is safe in infants and young children,” the authors write.Henry “Hank” Bernstein, DO, chief of general pediatrics at the Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth, in Lebanon, N.H., said the large population-based study clearly shows no increased risk of serious problems associated with flu vaccination in young children. “With our shift toward increasing the number of pediatric patients who get the flu vaccine, it’s important to feel comfortable that it’s safe,” he said.Bernstein, a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Committee on Infectious Diseases, said he was impressed by the researchers’ use of the large database. “It’s a wonderful system that includes thousands upon thousands of children and follow-up visits,” he said. “This gives us close examination for side effects and great follow-up.”Public health experts hope to boost the numbers of young children receiving the influenza vaccine. In 2004 the CDC formally recommended flu shots for 6- to 23-month-old children. Recent survey results indicated that 33.4% of those children received at least one dose of flu vaccine for the 2004-05 season, compared with 17.5% the previous season, according to the CDC.Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, France EK, et al. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months old. JAMA 2006;296(16):1990-7[Abstract]See also:CDC report on childhood vaccination coverage during the 2004-05 flu seasonhttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5539a1.htmlast_img read more

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Projekt “15.000 slika iz srca Slavonije” proglašen najboljim srednjih strukovnih i umjetničkih škola

first_imgAs part of this year’s Days of Croatian Tourism in Hvar, the annual Croatian Tourism Awards ceremony was held yesterday, including the award for the three best projects to secondary vocational and art schools that participated in selected projects within the Public Call for the Promotion and Strengthening of Vocational Competences. tourism in 2018.These are the winners of this year’s tender of the Ministry of Tourism for the award of grants based on the program “Occupational Promotion”, which has been implemented since 2009. For 12 projects of secondary vocational and art schools, approximately 400,000.00 kuna has been approved.In 2018, the Commission for the selection of the best three projects of secondary vocational and art schools singled out the following three projects:1st project “15,000 paintings from the heart of Slavonia” – Technical School Požega in partnership with the School of Crafts Požega2nd project “Roman Feast” –   School of Economics and Tourism Daruvar in partnership with the Technical School Daruvar and the Music School Bruno Bjelinski Daruvar3, project “Days of Neretva Spice” – Secondary School of Fr. Andrija Kačić Miošić, Ploče15,000 paintings from the heart of Slavonia”15000 paintings from the heart of Slavonia” is a project of the Technical and Craft School in Požega within the competition of the Ministry of Tourism of the Republic of Croatia “Strengthening the competencies of professional occupations for tourism 2018”.The project involves students from both schools who shot a promotional video of Požega and the surrounding area, using mainly the timelapse technique, which is a technique of making a film with accelerated time compared to the real thing. This is accomplished by taking photos at regular intervals, after which the photos are merged into a video that contains 25 frames per second. The final video lasts approximately ten minutes, which requires 15,000 photos, and you can watch it in the attachment. The public call for the development of projects in tourism and for tourism aims to influence the strengthening of competencies and raising the quality of human resources, students of secondary vocational schools. The funds are intended for secondary vocational and art schools for projects of creating new tourism products and improving the destination management process in cooperation with other educational sectors and the private sector.last_img read more

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New Zealand reports first new virus cases in 25 days

first_imgNew Zealand’s borders are open only to returning Kiwis and their families, besides some exceptions for business and compassionate grounds, with everyone undergoing two weeks mandatory quarantine.The South Pacific nation, which has recorded only 22 deaths among a population of five million, declared last week that it had eliminated community transmission of the virus.As a result, domestic restrictions including social distancing requirements and limits on public gatherings were lifted, although strict border controls remain.Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday that she had not declared the country virus-free because “New Zealand will have cases again in the future”. “Of course, our hope and expectation is that should be at the border… if they’ve quarantined, of course, that’s a very different story than in the community,” she told reporters, adding “it’s an ongoing campaign”. New Zealand reported two cases of COVID-19 Tuesday, ending a three-and-a-half week spell without any fresh infections, health authorities said.Both the new patients were recent arrivals from the United Kingdom, the health ministry said.”The ministry can confirm today two new cases of COVID-19 in New Zealand related to the border as a result of recent travel from the UK. Both cases are connected,” it said in a brief statement.center_img Topics :last_img read more

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Health groups call for better access to HIV drugs amid COVID-19 crisis

first_imgTopics : The COVID-19 pandemic is now threatening access to HIV/AIDS treatments, as countries, including Indonesia, are focusing on curbing the highly infectious respiratory disease.The World Health Organization (WHO), citing its recent survey, said on Monday that more than a third of the countries in the world said they were now at risk of running out of life-saving AIDS drugs due to disruptions to supplies caused by the COVID-19 crisis. The survey found that the failure of suppliers to deliver antiretroviral (ARV) drugs on time and a shut-down of land and air transport services, coupled with limited access to health services within countries as a result of the pandemic, were among the causes of the disruptions.“Twenty-four countries reported having either a critically low stock of ARVs or disruptions in the supply of these life-saving medicines,” the WHO said in a press release. Read also: Activists urge govt to resolve HIV drugs shortage amid COVID-19 pandemicIt remains unclear whether Indonesia is among the 24 countries on the latest WHO list, but preliminary results compiled from a WHO survey between April and June and published on its website said Indonesia was among the countries that have reported ARV disruptions caused by COVID-19.People living with HIV have long struggled to access ARV treatment, with shortages of the drugs having often been found across the country even before the pandemic.A survey involving 1,000 people with HIV nationwide carried out in March by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS’ (UNAIDS) Indonesia office and nonprofit organization the Positive Indonesia Network (JIP) showed that 47.6 percent of respondents only had enough ARV stock to last for a month.Indonesia AIDS Coalition executive director Aditya Wardhana said the coronavirus crisis had indeed disrupted the procurement of ARV drugs in Indonesia, which is highly dependent on drug imports from other countries.The pandemic, he said, had exposed a vulnerability in access to ARV treatment across the country.Some healthcare facilities, especially hospitals, where HIV patients usually get their medicines, have decreased the service hours for non-COVID-19 patients, while many people with HIV are also reluctant to visit these facilities due to fear of catching the coronavirus, according to Aditya.Read also: Coronavirus lockdowns seen increasing HIV risk to women and girls“The government, not only the Health Ministry, must prepare a clear blueprint on self sufficiency in procuring ARV medicines. ARVs are long-term, life-saving medicines so we cannot continue relying on importing these from other countries,” he told The Jakarta Post on Tuesday.The blueprint, he said, must include a clear deadline on when Indonesia would phase out ARV imports, when to only import active pharmaceutical ingredients for domestic manufacturing, and when to finally be able to domestically produce the drugs from scratch.According to a 2018 government survey, roughly 640,000 people lived with HIV in Indonesia, with only 124,813 of them, or 19.49 percent, receiving crucial ARV treatment.To date, ARV coverage in Indonesia remains among the lowest in the Asia Pacific region.A recent global report by UNAIDS shows that the COVID-19 pandemic risks blowing HIV progress way off course. It found that the missed targets have resulted in 3.5 million more HIV infections and 820,000 more AIDS-related deaths since 2015 than if the world was on track to meet the 2020 targets.UNAIDS urges countries to increase investment in both COVID-19 and HIV responses after finding that the funding for HIV/AIDS is decreasing globally. The HIV funding in 2019 fell by 7 percent from 2017, to US$8.6 billion.“We cannot have poor countries at the back of the queue. It should not depend on the money in your pocket or the color of your skin to be protected against these deadly viruses,” UNAIDS executive director Winnie Byanyima said. “We cannot take money from one disease to treat another. Both HIV and COVID-19 must be fully funded if we are to avoid massive loss of life.”center_img Before the shortages, a WHO estimate in 2019 found that around 8.3 million people in the 24 countries had been relying on ARVs — which are not only pivotal in maintaining and improving the quality of life for people with HIV but also could help stop the spread of the infection to others.The recent survey, conducted ahead of an AIDS global forum, found that 73 countries had warned they were at risk of a stockout of ARVs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.“The findings of this survey are deeply concerning,” WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. “Countries and their development partners must do all they can to ensure that people who need HIV treatment continue to access it. We cannot let the COVID-19 pandemic undo the hard-won gains in the global response to this disease.”The WHO has now encouraged countries to limit disruptions in access to HIV treatment through what it described as multi-month dispensing, a policy that allows medicines to be prescribed for longer periods of time — up to six months.last_img read more

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UK’s NEST tenders for commodities fund manager

first_imgNEST, the UK defined contribution (DC) master trust, is seeking a commodities manager to bring the asset class into its portfolio for the first time.The commodities mandate would sit within the pension scheme’s Retirement Date fund range and would also be available to scheme members as an “alternative” fund choice.In a statement, NEST said the manager would need to demonstrate an ability to “navigate the risks and opportunities” of the asset class, including taking into account environmental, social and governance risks.Its preference is for a blended strategy including commodity-related equities. NEST would consider seeding a new launch if appropriate, it said. NEST initially set out plans for investing in commodities in its annual responsible investment report, published in September last year. It also said it was considering allocations to infrastructure, global credit and private debt.John St Hill, deputy CIO at NEST, said the commodities allocation was expected to have a “moderate” correlation to equity and bond markets. “We also think that it will provide some inflation protection,” he added.St Hill said the fund’s growing portfolio had opened up opportunities to diversify its assets.“Commodities look attractive relative to their long term historic prices,” he said. “As the world’s population grows and incomes in the developing world rise, we expect increasing demand for commodities. We want our members to benefit from these long-term trends.“We’re looking to build a constructive, long-term relationship with a fund manager that can demonstrate its ability to support that goal.”NEST has its own tender website for applications, available here. The deadline for responses is midday UK time on 26 February.NEST – the National Employment Savings Trust – was set up by the UK government in 2008 to help facilitate its pension auto-enrolment policy. At the end of March 2017 the scheme had 4.5m members and £1.7bn (€1.9bn) in assets under management.The Bloomberg Commodity index lost 29.9% in euro terms over the five years to 30 January 2018, according to FE Analytics. In the same period, MSCI’s ACWI Commodity Producers index gained 12.3%.last_img read more

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Area Football Sectional Pairings

first_imgArea Football Sectional Pairings.The First Round of games will be on Friday, October 20th.  The Semi-Finals on Friday, October 27th.  The Sectional Finals will be on Friday, November 3rd.Class 4A-Sectional 23Franklin County at Jennings CountyMadison at Silver CreekEast Central at EdgewoodScottsburg at South DearbornClass 3A-Sectional 31Brownstown Central at LawrenceburgGreensburg at SalemCharlestown at BatesvilleNorth Harrison at Corydon CentralClass 2A-Sectional 37Heritage Christian at MilanTriton Central at KnightstownEastern Hancock at CentervilleIndianapolis Scecina at Union CountyClass 1A-Sectional 46Hagerstown at North DecaturOldenburg Academy at TriCambridge City Lincoln at Indianapolis LutheranSouth Decatur at Edinburghlast_img

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Mr. Bruce Owen Hutcherson Jr.

first_imgMr. Bruce Owen Hutcherson Jr., age 78, of Patriot, Indiana, entered this life on March 6, 1942 in Louisville Kentucky. He was the son of the late Bruce Hutcherson Sr. and Lucille (Spillman) Hutcherson. He was raised in Patriot Indiana and was a 1960 graduate of the Patriot High School. Bruce was a 1965 graduate of Purdue University with a Bachelors in Science and Agriculture. He taught Science and Agriculture at Patriot and Switzerland County High School from 1965 – 1969. Bruce was united in marriage to Jill Anne Asbury on August 20, 1965 at the Patriot United Methodist Church. Their 55th anniversary would have been on August 20, 2020. This union was blessed with two children, Kimberly Gail and Joseph Shane. Bruce farmed in Posey Township from 1965 – 2005 where he raised corn, wheat, beans, cattle, and hogs. He retired from large scale farming in 2005. From 2005 – 2020 he remained active with mowing contracts and assisting friends with ‘wrenching’ on projects. He loved the outdoors and his passions were hunting, fishing, and trap shooting. He had a home target shooting area where he spent a lot of time. He tractor pulled for many years and was a National Champion 13 times with his famous ‘Pig” called Makin Bacon Special. He cherished his pulling family from around the world. Bruce passed away at 10:05 a.m., Saturday, March 28, 2020, at Highpoint Health in Lawrenceburg, Indiana.Bruce will be missed by his wife, Jill Anne (Asbury) Hutcherson of Patriot IN; his daughter, Kim Janssen and her husband, Sean of Oregon, IL; his son, Joe Hutcherson and his wife Jeanne of Indianapolis, IN; his grandchildren, Cameron and Conner Bowline, Madalyn, Carly, and Bryce Hutcherson and Michael and Courtney Janssen; his great-grandchildren, Landon and Jaxten; his sister, Carol Ann Armstrong of Patriot, IN and many nieces, nephews, and cousins.He was preceded in death by his parents, Bruce Owen Hutcherson, Sr., died March 3, 1994 and Lucille (Spillman) Hutcherson, died November 29, 2001.A celebration of Bruce’s life is planned for later this Summer.Memorial contributions may be made to Mr. Bruce Owen Hutcherson, Jr. Endowment Fund c/o CFSCI. Cards are available at the funeral home or online at www.haskellandmorrison.comlast_img read more

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Belfast leapfrog Braehead

first_img Press Association The Giants halted the Clan’s winning run and extended their winning streak to two. Sheffield Steelers, who currently lie in third place with four games in hand, have the chance to regain some ground on the top two against struggling Edinburgh Capitals on Saturday. Belfast Giants moved to the top of the Elite League standings after defeating Braehead Clan 4-1 on Friday.last_img

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Mourinho: “It’s not easy to defend”

first_img Liverpool boss Brendan Rodgers said defensive coaching was not difficult after Chelsea’s snatch-and-grab win at Anfield last season and Wenger, who has yet to beat one of Mourinho’s teams in 12 attempts, repeated the barb ahead of this week’s contest. The Arsenal boss said: “It is easy to defend.” Mourinho said: “It’s not easy. If it was easy, you wouldn’t lose 3-1 at home to Monaco (in the Champions League last 16). “If he defends well he draws 0-0 against Monaco and wins in Monte Carlo. It’s not easy to prepare a team to defend.” Mourinho refused to budge from his view that Arsenal, Manchester United and Manchester City are in contention for the title until mathematically ruled out. “I don’t care about other things,” Mourinho added. “We are the best team since day one and we want to be the best team until the last day. But, mathematically, they can still be champions.” Mourinho cares little how Chelsea are judged if, or more likely when, they become champions. Jose Mourinho has retaliated after Arsene Wenger questioned Chelsea’s defensive tactics. Press Association Mourinho’s side lead Arsenal by 10 points and could take a significant step to winning the Premier League with victory at the Emirates Stadium on Sunday. The Blues boss has deployed a “more strategic, less artistic” approach in recent weeks, including in the 1-0 win at QPR when Cesc Fabregas scored with their only shot on target and last weekend’s defeat of Manchester United, who dominated possession at Stamford Bridge. “It matters what I feel, not what people feel, think or say,” he said. The change of the free-flowing attacking philosophy which had many observers purring earlier in the season was prompted by injuries and suspensions to key personnel, including Diego Costa, Fabregas and Nemanja Matic. “We lost progressively the balance of our team,” Mourinho added. “When you lose crucial pieces, the team loses certain qualities. “It (the switch in style) was just a consequence of things.” Mourinho insists his longer-term plan is to return to the more appealing way. “I hope to start next season the same way we started this season,” he said. “This is the way we want to play, this is the way we played during the season, and the team we enjoy more. “But it’s (also) very enjoyable to deal with a difficult moment, to deal in a strategic way. “When you are in the sea and have no boat, you need something to survive. A raft. “In football, team spirit and team ethics and strategy is this.” Mourinho pointed to Andre Schurrle’s goal in the opening game at Burnley as evidence for Chelsea’s stylish side. “We repeated that almost week after week,” he said. “If we manage to win the Premier League, we did everything right. “Looking at where Chelsea were in the last four or five years, in terms of the Premier League, it means a lot. I think it’s a great achievement for us.” Chelsea have not won the title since 2010, but won the Champions League “in the worst Premier League season Chelsea had had in the last decade”, when they finished sixth in 2012. Mourinho, who won the title in 2004 and 2005, is building a team for the next decade, with teenagers Ruben Loftus-Cheek and Dominic Solanke potentially core members of the squad. Mourinho says it is important for the pair to stay at Chelsea, rather than go out on loan. “When they are so young it’s better for them to stay at Chelsea and develop at Chelsea,” Mourinho said. Chelsea have more than 20 players out on loan, with Mourinho admitting the strategy of owning talent is good for the Blues. “It’s not just about players to be ready for Chelsea, it’s also about players with a market value and players that we use to raise funds to renew these players on loan, or to buy players ready for the first-team,” he said. last_img read more

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1.5 million Americans filed unemployment claims last week

first_imgThe Department of Labor reported Thursday that 1.5 million Americans filed initial claims for unemployment during the week ending June 6, bringing a three-month total to about 43 million.Thursday’s report marked the tenth straight week of declining unemployment numbers, as every state has begun Phase One of reopening since lifting coronavirus-related lockdowns.The report also comes a week after the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics said the U.S. unemployment rate actually fell a full percentage point.last_img

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